the selection of vehicle type and configuration should generally proceed from the following aspects: the basic operation functions of forklift truck are divided into horizontal handling, stacking/picking, loading/unloading and picking. according to the operation function that the enterprise wants to achieve, it can be preliminarily determined from the models described above. in addition, special operation functions will affect the specific configuration of forklift trucks, such as paper rolls, hot metal and so on. forklift trucks need to install fittings to complete special functions. operational requirements of forklift trucks include general requirements such as pallet or cargo specifications, lifting height, width of working passage, gradient, etc. at the same time, operational efficiency (different types of vehicles have different efficiency) and operational habits (such as habitual driving or standing driving) need to be considered.
operating environment if the enterprise needs to carry goods or warehouse environment has environmental requirements such as noise or exhaust emissions, it should be considered when choosing the vehicle type and configuration. if it is in the cold storage or in the explosion-proof environment, forklift truck configuration should also be cold storage or explosion-proof. carefully inspect the places that forklift trucks need to go through during operation, and imagine possible problems, such as whether the door height has an impact on forklift trucks when entering and leaving the warehouse, the influence of elevator height and load on forklift trucks when entering and leaving the elevator, whether the load on the floor meets the corresponding requirements when working upstairs, and so on.
在選型和確定配置時，要向叉車供應商詳細描述工況，并實地勘察，以確保選購的叉車完全符合企業的需要。即使完成以上步驟的分析，仍然可能有幾種車型同時都能滿足上述要求。此時需要注意以下幾個方面：① 不同的車型，工作效率不同，那么需要的叉車數量、司機數量也不同，會導致一系列成生變化，詳見本文中性能評判部分關于成本的論述。② 如果叉車在倉庫內作業，不同車型所需的通道寬度不同，提升能力也有差異，由此會帶來倉庫布局的變化，如貨物存儲量的變化。③ 車型及其數量的變化，會對車隊管理等諸多方面產生影響。④ 不同車型的市場保有量不同，其售后保障能力也不同，例如：低位駕駛三向堆垛叉車和高位駕駛三向堆垛叉車同屬窄通道叉車系列，都可以在很窄的通道內 （1.5～2.0米）完成堆垛、取貨。但是前者駕駛室不能提升，因而操作視野較差，工作效率較低。
when selecting and configuring forklift trucks, it is necessary to describe the working conditions in detail to the forklift truck suppliers and conduct field investigations to ensure that the selected forklift trucks fully meet the needs of enterprises. even after completing the analysis of the above steps, there may still be several models that can meet the above requirements at the same time. at this time, we need to pay attention to the following aspects: 1. different types of vehicles, different working efficiency, the number of forklifts required, the number of drivers are also different, which will lead to a series of cost changes. see the discussion on cost in the performance evaluation section of this paper. if the forklift truck works in the warehouse, the channel width required by different models is different, and the lifting capacity is also different, which will bring about changes in the layout of the warehouse, such as changes in cargo storage. (3) the change of vehicle type and its quantity will have an impact on many aspects such as fleet management. (4) different types of vehicles have different market holdings and their after-sales support capabilities. for example, low-driving three-way stacking forklift truck and high-driving three-way stacking forklift truck belong to narrow-channel forklift series and can complete stacking and picking up goods in very narrow channels (1.5-2.0 meters). however, the former cab can not be upgra